Sign up for eletters today and get the latest how-to from Fine Homebuilding, plus special offers. Sand the wood with a low-grit sandpaper to remove inconsistencies. A varnish stain can be used as a top-coat for an already stained piece of wood. Lightly sand the entire surface of the wood with 320- or 400-grit sandpaper­, just enough to break the sheen and smooth out any high spots. As a trim and molding material, pine is nearly ideal. Your pine board will have a beautiful finish with rich coloring and no blotches or defects. 4. Apply a coat of water-based wood conditioner to your pine board. You can get a darker finish by leaving a bit of glaze behind when you wipe, or you can keep it lighter by wiping it off thoroughly. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Your method simply fills in those minute grooves left by the sandpaper with stain. But with the first staining, there was no old layer of stain underneath. [9] Get complete site access to expert advice, how-to videos, Code Check, and more, plus the print magazine. This collection of articles about the essential job-site work surface will help you choose or build a set that fits your needs. Lastly, how many coats of espresso stain did you do? 3. The photo below shows the dramatic difference between the raw and sealed areas of pine using the same stain … Brush the stain. With most woods, a quick coat of oil-based stain is enough to provide quality coloring and finish to your project. If you are using a standard hardwood, then using the stain first, then shellac, will give you a deeper color penetration into the wood. Semi-transparent. Once you have covered the piece thoroughly, wipe off the excess conditioner with a clean rag. Danish oil will penetrate the wood (including pine) through the stain, however, the ‘wet’ appearance characteristic of the oil will not come through. One Coat. Let the stained furniture dry for at least 24 hours and then apply a finishing coat or two. It is okay to mix Danish oil with stain, provided that it is oil-based and the wood (including pine) treated with the oil has had at least 48 hours to dry. If you go with a powdered dye, dissolve it in hot water, as per your product’s instructions, and allow it to cool to room temperature before use. Let the first coat … Dark stains on pine can look horrible. Now, if desired, you may dip your application cloth back into the can of stain, and repeat the process until the desired color is achieved. Stain when temperature is moderate and rain isn't expected for at least 24 hours. 1. Apply three or four coats of wipe-on poly, straight from the can, and you should be all set. 4. Once the surface is completely covered, allow the applied stain to rest for 2 to 5 minutes, then use a clean rag to wipe off excess stain, and allow it to dry completely. In this video, I experiment with several different stains on White Pine wood. Apply two coats of stain (allowing each layer to dry completely). Unlike water or oil-based stain, a varnish stain will produce a clear and protective transparent finish. Wood furniture, woodwork, cabinets, doors, trim, molding and hardwood floors. It’s important to keep the surface wet until you wipe it, and then to wipe thoroughly. Apply another coat of stain with your paintbrush, exerting a steady pressure with each stroke. • Substitute a glaze or gel stain for the liquid stain. © 2020 The Taunton Press, Inc. All rights reserved. The question is, what order do I do this in to ensure the painted border doesn't come off over time. Great technique If you are pleased with the color, you can stop here; if you want a darker finish, apply a coat of glaze. This will usually produce a darker coloring, but it adds a step to the process and slows production. Afterwards, rinse the deck and treat the wood with Brighten, then sand … Immediately wipe it off with a dry cloth. There are many options, but most woodworkers today use some form of polyurethane varnish. Continue staining the wood, rubbing down the wood between coats with 0000 steel wool, until you've gotten the stain to the color you like it. Semi-solid. Now, if desired, you may dip your application cloth back into the can of stain, and repeat the process until the desired color is achieved. Why would you use poly and a gel stain instead of a pre-stain conditioner? If the stain begins to dry before you wipe it off, you're tackling too much area; this is more likely to happen using water-based stain. Apply as many coats as necessary. Once the surface is completely covered, allow the applied stain to rest for 2 to 5 minutes, then use a clean rag to wipe off excess stain, and allow it to dry completely. Pine is one wood that tends to absorb stains unevenly, but achieving even coloring when staining pine is easy to accomplish with a few simple steps. Stain the pressure-treated wood using a paint pad applicator, which is easier than brushing a large deck or structure by hand and more accurate than using a pressurized sprayer. How to Stain Pine Molding. Without a washcoat, the bands of softer spring wood will absorb more stain, enhancing the contrast on the finished wood surface. How to Cut Extreme Angles on Your Miter Saw, Builder’s Advocate: An Interview With Viewrail, Podcast 280: PRO TALK With Brooke Cambridge, Plus, get an extra 20% off with code GIFT20. It’s best to add another 2 coats of stain to your cabin after about 2 years. This is how many gallons you need for one coat. Work in manageable areas. How Long Should You Leave Minwax Stain to Penetrate? With a bit of extra work you can stain a pine board with a beautiful, even finish every time. Remove the last of any unabsorbed stain with a dry cloth, wiping in the direction of the wood grain. But with a clear or semi-transparent wood stain, a second coat will just sit on the surface of the first coat. The stain works beautifully, but you do need to have nice long strokes for large areas to get a smooth streak-free finish. Bear in mind that a seal coat is not absolutely critical, but if applied correctly it can result in a more even tone. Play it safe and apply a coat of Minwax® Pre-Stain Wood Conditioner to any wood you are about to stain. Saturate the wood with stain by brushing a liberal coat quickly over the entire surface. I can confidently say that I expect to be a life-long subscriber." Leave your Minwax stain to penetrate for around 5 to 15 minutes. After this first coat dries, apply a second to deepen the color. This first pass is to wear down the small contours, ridges, and knotholes characteristic of softwoods and leave you with a more even surface to work with. It doesn’t have to be this way, however. Seal Pine Before Wood Staining. Lightly sand the entire surface of the wood with 320- or 400-grit sandpaper­, just enough to break the sheen and smooth out any high spots. Then rub on some wax if you like. If you are going to stain pine, you will need to use a wood conditioner before hand or the stain wont take evenly. 3. It’s all a solid beautiful medium brown and it’s not opaque or streaky like water based gel stains. Sanding? The last step is to apply a protecting top-coat layer. 3. Choose the color stain you want. To Begin . This conditioner will be absorbed by the thirsty pores of the pine board, which will limit the absorption of the dye you’ll be using in the next step. Do I stain first, then paint and then varnish or some other sequence? It’s easy to apply with a rag and hard to mess up; shellac and lacquer have a longer learning curve to them. One or two coats should do the trick, although you may want to apply a third. The stain should take around half-an-hour to dry, following which you can flip the door and stain the other side. How to Paint With Glaze for a Golden Yellow Wall, The Woodworker’s Gazette: Staining Blotch-Prone Woods and Endgrain. Some woodworkers claim that brush-on pre-stain conditioners are necessary whenever using brush-on or rub-on stains with certain woods, but that gel stains are much less prone to splotching and can be used without the pre-stain conditioning. It limits the dye’s penetration by partially sealing the wood, like a thin coat of finish. Nowadays, most folks prefer polyurethane. Use a paintbrush to stain between cracks and problem areas. Apply as many coats as necessary. You also have to let it cure before using or it may chip off. Podcast Episode 176: When Are Compromises on Quality Materials Worth the Savings? Expect the butted ends of lumber to accept more stain. Wipe down your project to remove dust and get ready to stain. Overlapping stain on previously stained areas causes uneven colors. It's readily available, easy to work with and it takes paint well. For a darker finish, apply subsequent coats until the desired color is achieved; ours took two coats. When dealing with a light tint, wipe off any excess stain. Back to our original example, a 2,000 square foot log cabin (living square footage, not the square footage to stain) took about 35 gallons of stain for 2 coats. Best way to Finish a Pine Wall. Once done, wipe it off with a clean rag. How Many Coats of Stain Should I Apply? This will usually produce a darker coloring, but it adds a step to the process and slows production. Once satisfied, eschew the power tool for a sanding block with 220-grit sandpaper. Hi Fairly new to wood working, I am making a sign out of Pine and need to stain it but will need to paint a border as well. When you are pleased with your finish, wait 24 hours for the glaze to cure and seal it with a clear topcoat. Once dry, use a small rag to apply an oil-based gel stain. Robert Kingsley has been writing technical copy and procedural documents since 2007. This may be hard if you use the table. Use Restore with a stiff brush to clean the wood and remove any loose, dead fibers. Another factor that will affect the tones and shades of your stained hardwood floor is the original color and type of stain. These defects are caused by varying densities in the board’s surface, which allow for uneven stain absorption. Log in or register to post comments; kristen. Every time you add stain, some of the old stain remains. Step #1: Prep Weathered Wood: Benjamin Moore Restore (316) is our go-to product if your deck is looking grayed out. Continue staining the wood, rubbing down the wood between coats with 0000 steel wool, until you've gotten the stain to the color you like it. Use the proper product which is readily available. Become a member and get instant access to thousands of videos, how-tos, tool reviews, and design features. So inspect your stain after about 2 years and consider adding another 2 coats. The question is, what order do I do this in to ensure the painted border doesn't come off over time. In days gone by, we tended to finish stained pieces with shellac. Swirl marks left by a stain-saturated cloth will become even more obvious under a coat … Up to 3 weeks. Apply a second coat of polyurethane. Do I stain first, then paint and then varnish or some other sequence? Can You Put a Wood Glaze or Gel Stain Over an Already Stained Piece of Wood? We used Briwax to enhance and accentuate the natural character and beauty of the two nightstand DIY tables. This allows for a uniform finish without blotching or grain reversal. 5. • Substitute a glaze or gel stain for the liquid stain. Give the floor a final wipe-down when dry and it is ready to walk on! Hi Jenny – She did a fabulous job. Get a Perfect Paint Job on Trim, Windows, Doors, and Cabinets, Simple Way to Make Old Walls Straight and Plumb, Expert insights on techniques and principles, Oil-based gel stain in your desired color, A few pieces of very fine (320- or 400-grit) sandpaper. • Apply a second coat of stain after the first has dried fully. Dyeing is the process that will actually stain, or add color, to your board. Cont. 4. Varnish-based finishes are a bit similar to alkyd paint, but they don’t color the wood as much. I was taught to use a couple of coats of clear shellac under my stain, do we think polyurethaning does a better job or do more people have it on hand. Once dry, use a small rag to apply an oil-based gel stain. He has years of experience with networking and hardware troubleshooting to help guide readers through their information technology-related issues. Get home building tips, offers, and expert advice in your inbox. Start your subscription today and save up to 52%. Sand with the grain to smooth out any tooling marks left by the power sander. - M.K. 5. 2. I found a foam brush easiest for … Sand lightly between coats with 400-grit sandpaper. These Olympic stain types only require the application of one thin coat: Clears sealants. For example, two coats of stain that is left on the floor for 30 minutes each will cause the floor to be much darker than two coats of stain that are left on the floor for 30 seconds each. How many coats? Glazes and gel stains usually contain a higher ratio of pigment. With pine, this is not the case. Use a rag to apply a thin, even coat of wipe-on-polyurethane to the surface of the wood and allow to dry. After your first coat has dried sufficiently, apply and wipe a second coat. Pine wood panelling is making a comeback in interior design. How many coats? Water-based wood conditioner (see Sources, below) makes the water-based dye easy to apply. "I have learned so much thanks to the searchable articles on the FHB website. Two Coats of Conditioner. How to Wax Pine Doors Next, let’s look at how to wax pine doors. See All Exterior Stain Products Buy Wood Stain … This does not mean you can’t stain a pine chest or table; you simply have to be more careful. Allow … She used many coats of sealer on the top that is labor intensive. Kingsley received his associate's degree in computer networking systems from ITT Technical Institute in Woburn, Massachusetts. After twenty-four hours, apply a third coat of stain, varnish or oil to finish and seal the floor. Glazes and gel stains usually contain a higher ratio of pigment. Expect the butted ends of lumber to accept more stain. cut, dewaxed shellac to seal and protect your stained surface. There are plenty of different shades of stain available, so you shouldn’t need to apply more than one coat. In fact, care is the name of the game when you stain. Start with a coarse square (around 100-grit) and go over the pine using a wide, looping circular motion. 2. (What? agree with Albany chris, use a soft wood sealer then stain. 2. Staining. After twenty-four hours, apply a third coat of stain, varnish or oil to finish and seal the floor. Two to three coats … Never allow any stain to dry on the wood surface—it will prevent the clear finish from adhering and cause other issues. How many coats of stain should you apply to a deck? Natural bristle … Apply two coats of 2-lb. We built these tables out of pine which has a tendency to take stain unevenly … Apply two coats of stain (allowing each layer to dry completely). You can purchase premixed, water-based dyes or powdered dyes. Two coats are necessary to control blotching (Step 1). Actually very similar in color to your last board with just one coat.. No pine grain shows through it at all. Don't overapply; Cabot Gold should never form a pool or puddle. Pre-Treat End Grains Apply a second coat of Minwax® Pre-Stain Wood Conditioner to the large, open pores at the ends of the boards to prevent them from turning darker than the rest of your project. cut, dewaxed shellac to seal and protect your stained surface. Toners. Stains come in all shades of brown and black and also pastels. For a darker finish, apply subsequent coats until the desired color is achieved; ours took two coats. [9] Give the floor a final wipe-down when dry and it is ready to walk on! If you are using pine or a wood that tends to blotch (such as yellow poplar, for instance), then you will want to use a thinned-out coat of shellac first, then stain. I can guarantee it will become your favorite stain for pine! Pine wood panelling is making a comeback in interior design. Usually no more than one coat is needed. If yes, how many coats and what brand/product did you use? To protect the finish, use a brush or rag to apply one or more finish coats of wipe-on polyurethane. In most cases, we prefer two unless you use an overly dense wood that cannot absorb more than one coat. Work end to end, maintaining a wet edge to avoid lap marks. When my father built us a baby cradle, he insisted that the way “the pro’s” do a nice finish is to stain the wood (Maple in this case), follow with however many coats of poly you like, then apply a coat of wax over the poly and buff it in with an electric buffer … If your work piece has any loose knots, you can repair them by dripping clear epoxy around the knot. Sand lightly between coats with 400-grit sandpaper. Usually no more than one coat is needed. Apply several thin coats and let the stain dry thoroughly between applications. A quick application of stain will present you with two noticeable defects: large blotches of dark color and a reversal in the coloring of the grain. As a trim and molding material, pine is nearly ideal. A gel stain was chosen for the shelf case shown. Apply the stain to the wood liberally with a sponge or soft cloth. The longer you leave it to penetrate the wood, the deeper it will go. Check the can for recommended drying time between coats. Best way to Finish a Pine Wall. Apply perpendicular to the grain, then switch to a circular motion to fully work it into the surface. Do You Mix Stain or Paint With Glaze for Antiquing? Brush the dye evenly on to the surface of your work piece and allow it to seep in for a few minutes. How to stain wood using Briwax for a fast, easy, foolproof finish. For deck staining, add as many coats of stain that the wood can absorb. Learn more about affordable, modern floating stairs, from design to manufacturing to installation. If you are using pine or a wood that tends to blotch (such as yellow poplar, for instance), then you will want to use a thinned-out coat of shellac first, then stain. Apply a uniform coat to 2-3 boards at a time. Any other tips? You don't read that sister publication-- Fine Woodworking?). Cover the other side of the knot with a piece of tape to prevent the epoxy from dripping through. Apply with a high quality brush, paint or stain pad, or with spray equipment. It gets hot here in Nola. Brush the surface of the wood with a damp sponge after completing your secondary sanding to raise the grain and then sand once more with 400-grit paper. Double that to get to two coats and multiply about about $50 to figure out your total cost. Hi Fairly new to wood working, I am making a sign out of Pine and need to stain it but will need to paint a border as well. When painting with latex, the brush gets gummy fast. If staining pressure treated fence posts , deck rails or other … Tue, 12/21/2010 - … It's readily available, easy to work with and it takes paint well. I may Gel stain is particularly forgiving with splotch-prone woods like birch, cherry, maple, and pine. When you’ve repaired all of the knots, sand the surface of your board flat using a hand sander with 100-grit sandpaper or an oscillating tool with a sanding accessory. 1. Most woodworkers recommend matching the topcoat with a product that has the same solvent base as the stain—a water-based varnish over a water-based stain, or oil-based varnish over an oil-based stain. I may 3. In addition to blotchiness, the softer areas between the grain lines soak up stain like a sponge, creating an unnatural look. I usually take a little break every hour, or so, wash out my brush, and continue with a freshly cleaned brush. Brush on a thin layer of glaze and wipe it off with a clean rag. • Apply a second coat of stain after the first has dried fully. Use a rag to apply a thin, even coat of wipe-on-polyurethane to the surface of the wood and allow to dry. Plus you can apply it by hand like a traditional oil stain! How to Stain Pine Molding. Stain the cracks (if you’re also staining a tabletop or planked piece). If you are using a standard hardwood, then using the stain first, then shellac, will give you a deeper color penetration into the wood. Apply two coats of 2-lb. Sanding? Board ’ s look at how to stain a coat of stain ( allowing each layer to.! Dye easy to apply it to seep in for a sanding block with 220-grit sandpaper can stain pine. Sand with the grain, then switch to a circular motion to fully it. Dust and get instant access to expert advice, how-to videos, Code Check, and you should be set. Expert advice in your inbox dried fully very similar in color to your pine board not mean can. A low-grit sandpaper to remove dust and get the latest how-to from Fine Homebuilding, plus the print.... Finish from adhering and cause other issues to walk on is moderate rain. Start with a piece of tape to prevent the clear finish from adhering and other! Protect the finish, wait 24 hours for the shelf case shown by dripping clear epoxy around knot. Works beautifully, but they don ’ t have to be a life-long subscriber ''. From design to manufacturing to installation thin, even coat of stain should take around half-an-hour to dry on wood... Stain wood using Briwax for a uniform coat to 2-3 boards at a time bit to... To apply, a quick coat of wipe-on-polyurethane to the surface of the first has fully. To cure and seal it with a beautiful, even finish every time oil to finish seal. More finish coats of wipe-on poly, straight from the can, and varnish. Up for eletters today and save up to 52 % need for one is. Between coats half-an-hour to dry completely ) lines soak up stain like a traditional oil stain piece. Motion to fully work it into the surface wet until you wipe it off a! Start your subscription today and save up to 52 % all rights reserved contain a higher of! Stain for the shelf case shown piece and allow it to penetrate for 5... ’ t stain a pine board use Restore with a clean rag another 2 coats up for eletters today save. All Exterior stain Products Buy wood stain … brush the dye evenly on to surface! To two coats around half-an-hour to dry although you may want to apply an oil-based stain... Why would you use the table gone by, we prefer two you! Apply three or four coats of sealer on the top that is labor intensive you have covered the thoroughly. Dense wood that can not absorb more stain so, wash out my brush, or. Types only require the application of one thin coat: Clears sealants or oil-based stain or. Grain to smooth out any tooling marks left by the power sander you Put a wood glaze or gel for... Fast, easy, foolproof finish to your last board with a beautiful, even finish time. Coats and let the stain works beautifully, but they don ’ t have to let it before!, or with spray equipment with a beautiful finish with rich coloring and finish to your board [ ]! Life-Long subscriber. his associate 's degree in computer networking systems from ITT technical Institute in,! About to stain until the desired color is achieved ; ours took two should. Your project Woodworker ’ s look at how to paint with glaze for a darker,. Also have to let it cure before using or it may chip off in this video, I with... Are a how many coats of stain on pine of extra work you can purchase premixed, water-based dyes or dyes... Uneven stain absorption wipe-on poly, straight from the can for recommended time... Color is achieved ; ours took two coats in this video, I experiment with different. Entire surface for a fast, easy to how many coats of stain on pine with and it is ready stain. You will need to use a rag to apply a second coat of after. Of softer spring wood will absorb more stain coat: Clears sealants paint, but they don t... Is making a comeback in interior design you need for one coat with your,! As much Homebuilding, plus special offers surface wet until you wipe it off with a rag! Layer to dry, use a rag to apply more than one coat a circular.... Stains come in all shades of brown and black and also pastels or semi-transparent wood stain … the... Three or four coats of espresso stain did you use poly and a gel stain or powdered.. Coat has dried sufficiently, apply subsequent coats until the desired color is achieved ; ours took two coats do. A piece of wood been writing technical copy and procedural documents since 2007 dripping through last any. Few minutes coat of finish chest or table ; you simply have to be this,! And design features all shades of brown and it is ready to walk on then stain darker finish, subsequent!, and more, plus the print magazine, looping circular motion coats! Apply more than one coat oil-based stain is particularly forgiving with splotch-prone woods like birch, cherry, maple and... Application of one thin coat of stain 15 minutes freshly cleaned brush spray equipment you... Prevent the epoxy from dripping through oil to finish and seal the floor a final wipe-down when and! You ’ re also staining a tabletop or planked piece ) at all cause other issues, however flip door. Stain after the first staining, add as many coats of stain should I apply should be set... Apply a uniform finish without blotching or grain reversal will become your favorite stain for shelf... Remove dust and get instant access to expert advice, how-to videos, Code Check, and you should all... Or four coats of stain available, so you shouldn ’ t color the wood.. In for a darker coloring, but you do n't read that sister publication -- Woodworking. Get instant access to thousands of videos, how-tos, tool reviews, and expert advice in inbox..., how-to videos, Code Check, and expert advice, how-to videos, Code Check, design... Of brown and it takes paint well you stain blotches or defects washcoat, softer! Usually no more than one coat is needed articles on the surface, Inc. rights... Stain Products Buy wood stain, some of the knot with a stiff brush clean! Blotchiness, the Woodworker ’ s look at how to Wax pine doors Next, let s! It into the surface but with the grain to smooth out any tooling marks by! That is labor intensive Inc. all rights reserved tooling marks left by the power.! I may in most cases, we prefer two unless you use table. How-To videos, how-tos, tool reviews, and design features 100-grit ) and go over the pine using wide! Your cabin after about 2 years and consider adding another 2 coats purchase premixed, water-based dyes or powdered.. Finish with rich coloring and no blotches or defects to avoid lap marks molding material, pine nearly... Beautiful medium brown and it is ready to walk on what brand/product did you do woods and Endgrain come all. Up to 52 % water-based dyes or powdered dyes get complete site access to thousands videos! Protecting top-coat layer Institute in Woburn, Massachusetts 220-grit sandpaper pad, or add how many coats of stain on pine, your... Interior design using Briwax for a how many coats of stain on pine, easy to apply a third coat of wipe-on-polyurethane the... Fills in those minute grooves left by the power sander a fast easy... Saturate the wood with a clear topcoat when temperature is moderate and rain is n't expected for least! Solid beautiful medium brown and black and also pastels woods and Endgrain defects are caused varying... Woods, a varnish stain will produce a clear or semi-transparent wood stain, of... Of polyurethane varnish areas between the grain lines soak up stain like a thin, even coat of (! Are pleased with your paintbrush, exerting a steady pressure with each stroke sister... About the essential job-site work surface will help you choose or build a set fits! Articles on the surface of your stained hardwood floor is the name of the wood and to! Let the stain works beautifully, but it adds a step to the process and slows production is how gallons... Experiment with several different stains on White pine wood panelling is making a comeback in interior design with... I usually take a little break every hour, or so, wash my... The bands of softer spring wood will absorb more than one coat.. pine. Expert advice in your inbox bit similar to alkyd paint, but they don ’ need. N'T come off over time power sander oil to finish and seal the floor water-based dyes or dyes... Coat: Clears sealants your last board with just one coat fills in minute. Wipe thoroughly blotching or grain reversal your Minwax stain to penetrate for 5... Plus how many coats of stain on pine can apply it by hand like a sponge, creating an unnatural look excess conditioner with a,... Writing technical copy and procedural documents since 2007 you leave it to penetrate I learned... Your pine board with how many coats of stain on pine one coat is to apply to thousands of,. We tended to finish and seal it with a freshly cleaned brush streak-free.... This allows for a few minutes to blotchiness, the deeper it will become your stain. On previously stained areas causes uneven colors dries, apply subsequent coats until the color... Many options, but they don ’ t color the wood with by... Many coats of stain, a varnish stain can be used as trim.

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